Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that develops in women during pregnancy because the body fails to make enough insulin that can provide a normal blood sugar level. This disorder is mainly diagnosed after 24th week of pregnancy, although it may start earlier. Gestational diabetes passes within six weeks after delivery because its main cause is in fact pregnancy, because some of the hormones block the effect of insulin to produce more to make it sufficient. In cases where the organism of the pregnant woman fails, the development of diabetes develops. Therefore, control of sugar in pregnancy is very important.
What are the symptoms of gestational diabetes?
Most women do not notice any signs of disorder, and pregnant women are only surprised when it is discovered that they have it. A small number of women still manage to spot the most common symptoms such as:
But, not all women have gestational diabetes. The risk group includes women who have had gestational diabetes in previous pregnancy, high-pressure women, obese women, and those who have cases of diabetes in the family. Also, the risk was increased in women who had a large baby in their first pregnancy, over 4000 grams or who were large babies themselves.
How can sugar control during pregnancy prevent this disorder?
Routine sugar control during pregnancy must be present from the first pregnancy control (kako smanjiti razinu šećera u krvi). In this way, it is best to notice any change in the level of sugar.
Control of pregnant women’s blood sugar should also be performed in those pregnant women with the first symptoms of gestational diabetes.
What happens when checking sugar in pregnancy reveals gestational diabetes?
If regular sugar control in pregnancy indicates the occurrence of how to reduce the blood sugar level(kako smanjiti razinu šećera u krvi), appropriate diets are advised. Also, regular sugar control in pregnancy continues. This approach should not be dangerous either to the pregnant woman or to the baby.
In women who are unable to regulate the level of sugar by diet and physical activity, insulin is introduced to avoid complications of pregnancy. Ultrasound examinations will work more often than usual to monitor the condition of the baby.
A diet recommended in cases of gestational diabetes is poor in carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins and minerals. Foods rich in fibers like vegetables, fruits, whole grains and legumes are recommended. Regular, moderate physical activity is advised, with regular blood sugar control. Smaller meals and more frequent meals are recommended. Such a diet stimulates better digestion. It is also important to control the amount of foods that are imported and it is very important to know what to eat and when to eat.
Complications of pregnancy in which gestational diabetes develops include the development of highblood pressure in the mother, the great birth weight of a baby that can complicate delivery, an increase in the amount of water that can lead to premature contractions and premature birth and the occurrence of hypoglycaemia in the baby.